Steven said in a comment here this morning:
…output as per BVP is “original thought being communicated unrehearsed”. ACTFL distinguishes between two terms: Performance (what is rehearsed and memorized) vs. Proficiency (unrehearsed output). Language acquisition should be effortless and accessible to all because it is hard-wired in the brain. It is innate for us to acquire. Given enough input anyone can acquire… not only that we must. With forced speech exercises, we make that language less accessible, we encourage memorization and we encourage students to be good at a test and not life long learners. On the positive, in a CI class we develop life-long learners and we believe that anyone can acquire and become fluent given enough input that the student will want to seek beyond school….