Some years ago here in the PLC, Laura Censis wrote intelligently about how to communicate with parents about how we grade in our non-targeted approach:
Spanish I students do not start this course with significant Spanish skills. They are here to absorb the language (receiving input) and they need hundreds or thousands of hours of input before they can be expected to provide output. Since they are acquiring language through input, not learning it by memorizing, it is crucial for the student to strive to always pay attention and, when appropriate, to respond verbally and nonverbally with one word answers or physical gestures. This is the student’s number one responsibility in this class.