Once in a workshop in Los Angeles, a teacher mentioned the UCLA researcher Earl Stevick (1923-2013). She said that Stevick was one of Dr. Krashen’s early mentors. The context of the conversation that day during our workshop was about how circling is not needed when using the Invisibles/emergent language because the new language tends to adhere more tightly to students’ memories when images are involved, since the students watched it materialize from the need to actually communicate something in the story. The phrase this teacher, quoting Stevick, used was:
I have noticed over the years that there are two ways that students look at me in class.
When I am using English they seem far away. They seem to be considering what I’m saying but not really caring very much about it. I guess they hear enough English.
But when I’m talking slowly in French about them in a way that they can understand (i.e. using Walk Before You Talk, going ten times slower than I think is acceptable, pausing, listening to them, looking at them and really seeing them), then their their demeanor changes.